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Mastopatiya: symptoms and treatment

Mastopatiya is changes in tissue of mammary glands which are characterized by consolidation and emergence of painful feelings in a breast. Also bloody allocations from a nipple can be manifestation of these diseases. Mastopatiya treats the diseases which are followed by oncological risk.
 

Mastopatiya: symptoms and treatment

Mastopatiya is not one disease. It includes a number of diseases of a breast which are characterized by changes in gland fabrics with violation of a ratio the epitelialnykh and connecting components. On classification of World Health Organization understand a fibrous and cystous illness of mammary glands as a mastopatiya.
Incidence of these diseases meets both at young girls, and at women. Especially the risk to ache with a mastopatiya increases after 40-45 years.
I didn't reveal the exact reasons of emergence and development of a mastopatiya of medicine yet. But specialists doctors allocate some factors promoting development of fibrous and cystous diseases. First of all this frustration of hormonal balance, violation of a menstrual cycle, pregnancy interruption, lack of sexual life, disease of internal genitals, bad heredity, stresses, nervoza, depression.
Allocate three types of a mastopatiya: a mastalgiya, diffusion fibroadenomatoz and localized fibroadenomatoz.
  • Mastalgiya is expressed by obvious manifestation of pain. At a mastalgiya appoint sedatives.
  • Diffusion adenomatosis is characterized by development in tissue of mammary glands of various consolidations and cysts. It also shares on two subspecies – a fibrous mastopatiya and a fibrous and cystous mastopatiya. At a fibrous mastopatiya in fabric soyedinitelnotkanny consolidations are formed. At a fibrous and cystous mastopatiya in a breast so-called cysts – cavities which are filled with liquid are formed.
  • Localized fibroadenomatoz it is characterized by consolidation in a certain site of a breast and doesn't extend on all body.
To exclude a malignant tumor, the mammologist who is engaged in survey of mammary glands, takes a biopsy (a tumor slice) on the analysis.
 
Mastopatiya: symptoms and treatment
In time to reveal a mastopatiya, it is necessary to examine daily the breast regarding its consolidation. Consolidation can be single, and can cover all breast entirely in the form of small small knots.
Pain at a mastopatiya has the stupid, aching character. It arises when squeezing the nervous terminations in a breast fibrous consolidations. Intensity of pain depends on the expressed pathology. Often it amplifies before periods and becomes intolerable, can "give" to a shovel or a hand.
Pain can and won't develop. It is connected with the different level of painful sensitivity of each person, individual nervous system. Such occurs at 10-15% of women: their pathology only the doctor can reveal.
About 10% of mastopatiya are characterized by increase in lymph nodes in axillary hollows. When pressing such knots there can be painful feelings.
Sometimes the mastopatiya is accompanied by allocations from nipples of a different profuseness and color. On color they can be transparent, white, have a greenish, reddish or brown shade. The greatest danger is constituted by allocations of red color as it is a symptom of a malignancy. In general at emergence of any allocations from nipples it is necessary to address to the expert or the attending physician.
There are some ways for detection of diseases of a mastopatiya. First of all, this self-inspection. It is the first stage at which the woman independently defines pathology of her mammary glands and addresses to the doctor.
 
Mastopatiya: symptoms and treatment
The following stage is tool diagnostics. It is carried out by means of a mammogram (a X-ray of two parties – lateral and frontal). Also conduct ultrasonic examination of mammary glands and a termografiya (allocation of high and low temperatures). Also mammary glands can be looked through light. Such procedure is called a diafanoskopiya. In this case consolidations will look, as the darkened breast sites. Examination can is conducted and by means of a X-ray analysis when inject special liquid that on it was visible in a picture into a nipple. There are also other techniques of identification of new growths as a kolpotsitologiya — research of the hormonal status, histologic research, a pnevmokistografiya — definition of the maintenance of hormones in blood, an immunogramma and other less widespread ways.
Treatment of this disease includes, first of all, restoration of hormonal balance. After all necessary procedures the doctor appoints treatment suitable preparations. To reduce influence of a hormone of an estrogen on a mammary gland, can appoint tamoksifen or faresteron.
Also the preparations improving works of a thyroid gland, the oral contraceptives, vitamins raising the general tone of an organism, soothing preparations of a broad spectrum of activity, homeopathic remedies can enter a course of treatment. If it is required, the doctor can appoint surgical removal of knot or a cyst.
It is necessary to watch food, to refuse tea, coffee, there is more fruit and vegetables.
Mastopatiya is a disease which can arise not once.